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Guest: Elizabeth Strout

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[The full video and audio of this program with Elizabeth Strout is available here.] We have to go to literature for the deepest, truest emotions. Otherwise we do not know who are, we cannot understand what it’s like to be another person -- and we must, says Elizabeth Strout, winner of the 2009 Pulitzer Prize for fiction.  “I believe in literature the way some people believe in their religion. What are we without our imaginations?” Ms. Strout challenges readers and writers alike. “How can we feel compassion? How can we feel empathy? How can we be civilized if we are not having our imaginations stimulated, being asked to work? We become dogmatic idiots. And we're better than that.”  Dogmatism and authentically great literature don’t mix, Ms. Strout insists.  “Not if it’s what I think of as the real stuff. As similar as we are, we’re different enough that those differences are vast. And awe inspiring.  “There’s so much foolishness in today’s world. And we’re becoming so accustomed to it. It’s like a dust that’s settling over life’s truer things. It’s like eating. We're just all shoving more and more Twinkies in our mouths.”  Our lives are serious, she insists.  “I don't mean human lives are not hysterically funny, they are! But this is serious stuff we're all trying to do here. The more false sentences we utter, or the more false sentences that are uttered to us, the further away we get from knowing what we really feel.  “When I see sentences that are just spun off without a care, it’s directly affecting the experience of the emotional impact of that story, the gravitas, the resonance that one is hoping to strike. Junk junk junk. One hopes there’s something in us that continues to reach for the pure and the simple and the honest.” To write a story also stimulates the imagination, she knows.  “There are so many things that go into a piece of writing. There's the emotional truth. There's the story itself. Is it going to leave somebody feeling that they've been through an experience that was worthwhile?  “Then there's also the way it sounds to the ear. Style is substance. I believe that. The way a sentence sounds and the density or the muscularity of a sentence is going to be connected to the heft of a story. What's wrong with trying to bring some sense of resonance and dignity and deep sound to what our stories are?  “Certainly poetry has helped (do that). Poetry is constantly coming in to my apartment. That's very very important to me because I have often thought that poets have an access to something that's really really magical.  “One of the things (Hemingway's ‘write the truest sentence you know’) means is: Don't show off! Be direct. Be as pure and simple as a child. The business of showing off -- or doing some pyrotechnics here or there, or ‘Look what I can do!’ -- to me, that takes away.”  A voracious reader, Ms. Strout also applies her principles for writing to her own voracious appetite for reading.  “I just feel so strongly about this. I think that if you go and read a book that is cheap in its emotions or sentimental, or cutting corners, then you're doing a disservice to yourself and to your understanding of other people.”    Updates on our guests:• In August, 2010 we recorded five hours of video with Janos Starker. Mr. Starker died in May, after a long illness.At the end of July, his daughter, Gabriella Starker and other friends produced A Celebration of Janos Starker in Memories and Music in Toronto. We excerpted ten minutes from those recording to honor the event and Mr. Starker's Legacy.  • In the recent election in the Republic of Ireland, Gerrry Adams won a seat in the Irish parliament. Mr. Adams had been an abstaining member of the British parliament for many years. He refused to take his seat in protest of the continuing British presence in Northern Ireland.• A decade after our conversation with Ray Kurzweil, Time magazine has put him on their February 21 cover. We're pleased that their editors have finally recognized his importance.   


It was a joy for Paula both to plumb the depths of Ms. Strout’s elegant works and to share with her a lifetime’s love for the great American writer Sara Orne Jewett. Literary fiction, like all great writing, privileges any and all seeking access to greater understanding and compassion. We thank Ms. Strout for expanding our horizons.

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Olive Kitteridge is available in hardcover, trade paper and e-book from its publisher, Random House.Irish author Frank Delaney is equally convinced that the stories we read and share define our communities.Edward P. Jones is another Pulitzer Prize winning novelist who has deeply mined his imagination.And, here's a little background information on Paula Gordon and Bill Russell, the Program co-hosts.

This Program was recorded on Monday, April 21, 2008 in Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.

Tags: balance compassion creative mind discipline Elizabeth Strout fiction imagination Jesus Jim Carse literature Olive Kitteridge Paula Gordon Pulitzer Prize purity religion simplicity storyteller truthfulness